ORYX—THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONSERVATION, published quarterly on behalf of Fauna & Flora International, is a journal of biodiversity conservation, conservation policy and sustainable use, and the interactions of these with social, economic and political issues. The journal has a particular interest in material with the potential to improve conservation management and practice, supports the publishing and communication aspirations of conservation practitioners and researchers worldwide, and helps build capacity for conservation.

Before submitting a manuscript for peer review, read these Instructions for Contributors (including the General instructions, Guidelines for preparation of figures and plates and the Code of conduct for researchers contributing articles).

To ensure your manuscript is formatted correctly, use the appropriate template (Article, Short Communication, Review, Forum Article, Forum Article Response).

If you have not previously submitted an article to Oryx, read How to submit a manuscript before making your submission at Oryx on ScholarOne Manuscripts. These Instructions for contributors are also available for download.

How to submit a manuscript
General instructions

Open Access option
Guidelines for preparation of figures and plates
Code of conduct for researchers contributing articles
How to submit other material

How to submit a manuscript

By submitting an article to Oryx you join an international community of conservation practitioners, researchers and academics. In 2017 we received >300 articles from over 90 countries. High standards mean that not all manuscripts are accepted, but following the advice here (General instructions, FAQ) will facilitate your submission. If you are unsure whether your article is suitable you can view articles in the most recent, freely available January issue. If you are still unsure, contact us.

This advice applies to manuscripts for peer review (i.e. Full Article, Short Communication, Review, Forum and Forum Response manuscripts). Letter, Letter Response and Conservation News manuscripts, which are reviewed only by the Editor, also need to be submitted in the manner described here. To submit items for other sections of the journal, see How to submit other material.

Manuscripts must be submitted online at Oryx on ScholarOne Manuscripts. If you have any insurmountable problem using the online submission system, please contact us.

Before you submit your manuscript, go through this checklist:

  • Does your research fall within the journal's scope (see General instructions)?
  • Has your manuscript been formatted appropriately?
  • Is the text file in DOC or DOCX format?
  • Have Figures and Plates been prepared according to the Guidelines for preparation of Figures and Plates? For the initial submission you can provide graphic files in low to medium resolution (we will request publication quality graphics if your article is accepted).
  • In the Methods have you included the dates when the research was carried out (if applicable)?
  • Does your manuscript include page and line numbers?
  • Are you able to assent, on behalf of all authors if there is more than one, that (1) the submitted manuscript has not been published, or submitted for publication, elsewhere, (2) all authors have abided by the Code of conduct for contributors to Oryx, and (3) all authors have read the submitted manuscript and agreed to its submission? You need to provide this assent during the submission process (at stage 5, see below).

During online submsuppission you will need to have various details ready. You will first require a User ID, which is your e-mail address. If you do not already have an account at Oryx on ScholarOne Manuscripts you can open one by clicking on Create An Account (you will need to provide your name, affiliation, street and e-mail addresses, and up to 12 keywords describing your research and conservation interests).

After logging in to Oryx on ScholarOne Manuscripts, click on the Author Centre to submit your manuscript. You will be asked to provide the following information, in seven sequential screens (note that for a Letter, Letter Response, Forum Response or Conservation News manuscript you will not need to provide all of these details):

  1. The Manuscript Type (Full Article, Short Communication, Review, Forum Article, Forum Article Response, Letter or Conservation News), Title, Abstract (a maximum of 250 words), and details of any Funding Institutions (with Grant/Award Number if relevant)
  2. Up to eight keywords, and total number of words in the manuscript (all inclusive except Tables)
  3. Names, e-mail and street addresses of any co-authors (if they already have accounts with Oryx on ScholarOne Manuscripts their details can be automatically recalled using their e-mail address)
  4. Names and e-mails of any preferred or non-preferred peer reviewers, if you wish (if you do so please indicate, in a covering letter, your reasons for recommending, or not, the people concerned)
  5. A cover letter file, an indication of whether the manuscript is a resubmission of a previously rejected manuscript, and confirmation, on behalf of all authors if there are more than one, that (1) the submitted manuscript has not been published, or submitted for publication, elsewhere, (2) all authors have abided by the Code of Conduct for contributors to Oryx, and (3) all authors have read the submitted manuscript and agreed to its submission.
  6. File(s) with the main text, Figures, Tables, Plates and Appendices and/or online-only Supplementary Material (all items except Supplementary Material can be in a single file if you wish, with Tables, Figures and Plates at the end)
  7. You will then need to preview the PDF proof of your submission. At any time you may save your submission and complete it later, and you have the opportunity to edit any details you provide, if necessary.

You will then be given a unique reference number (which will look something like this: Oryx-17-A-0043) and will receive a confirmatory e-mail. You will need to use your reference number in all correspondence with the Editorial Office, always including it in the subject line of any e-mail so that we can respond promptly. You will be able to track the submission in your Author Centre at Oryx on ScholarOne Manuscripts. After the acknowledgement e-mail the next correspondence you will receive (provided your work has been submitted in the requested format) will usually be either a request for a revision following peer review or an indication that the journal will not be able to publish your manuscript.

If you have any questions about the submission process, check the Frequently Asked Questions, or contact us.

General instructions

Articles (2,000–7,000 words), Reviews (<7,000 words), Forum Articles (<4,000 words) and Short Communications (<2,000 words) are invited on topics relevant to the journal’s focus, including:

  • The nature and results of conservation initiatives, including case studies
  • Research on the sustainable use of wild species
  • Research on the status of threatened species, taxonomic groups or habitats
  • Reviews of conservation policy, strategy and legislation in practice
  • Planning for species and biodiversity conservation
  • The working of international conservation conventions
  • The history of conservation, including the role of key people, organizations and initiatives
  • The causes and consequences of biodiversity loss
  • Case studies of conservation projects and programmes
  • The social, economic and political dimensions of conservation

Word counts are all inclusive except for Tables, and manuscripts should be as concise as possible. The maximum word counts indicated above should not be taken to imply that a submission can be of the maximum length regardless of content. If a manuscript is overly long for the subject matter (even if it is within the word count limit) we may request—either prior or following peer review—that it be shortened.

Please note that if a submission does not comply with these Instructions for Contributors it will be returned for amendment prior to peer review.

To ensure your manuscript is formatted correctly, use the appropriate template (Article, Short Communication, Review, Forum Article, Forum Article Response).

Reviews provide comprehensive overviews of a particular conservation topic. Forum Articles promote debate about current and controversial issues, usually with critical responses commissioned from one or more authors. Articles on the status or conservation of threatened species, taxonomic groups or habitats should generally be <4,500 words and have, where relevant, a context beyond that of the subject studied.

Submission Online at Oryx on ScholarOne Manuscripts. If there is overlap with other articles, reports or similar material, including any in press or in preparation, this should be stated and the articles in question sent to the Editor. Both quantitative and qualitative methodology used in the reported work should be appropriate to the research question and must be clearly described. Management recommendations should be made where appropriate, and details of any implementation provided.

Ethics Upon submission the Corresponding Author must confirm that: (1) the submitted manuscript has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere, (2) all authors have read the submitted manuscript and agreed to its submission, and (3) all authors have abided by the Code of conduct for authors contributing articles. In a covering note to the Editor please indicate how the research and submitted manuscript complies with points 2 and 4 of the Code of conduct and, in the Methods and/or Acknowledgements sections of the manuscript, as appropriate, indicate how the research complies with points 1, 3 and 5–8 of the Code of conduct, as required. With respect to point 3, any research that involves interviews with people should normally have received ethics approval from the institution of the lead investigator, and this will need to be indicated in the text.

Age of data Where relevant, dates of any fieldwork must be provided. Oryx publishes research with the potential to have an impact on conservation outcomes. This requires conclusions to be based upon the best available and up-to-date information and analysis and we therefore look carefully at all manuscripts in which conclusions are based on field data collected some time ago (generally >4 years). We recognize, however, the value of historical field or collection records but require evidence that these studies are directly relevant to effective conservation. Bear this policy in mind when submitting your manuscript and, if the data and/or associated analyses are not recent, justify, both in your cover letter and in the manuscript, the use of these data in terms of the conservation relevance of your findings.

ORCID We encourage all authors, and especially corresponding authors, to identify themselves using ORCID when submitting a manuscript. ORCID provides a unique identifier and provides several benefits: (1) It increases the discoverability of your publications by helping readers to find work that you’ve authored. (2) Providing your ID or using it to register for services will automatically link activities to your ORCID profile, and will save you re-keying information. (3) Your ORCID profile is a neat place to record and display (if you choose) validated information about your research activities. If you don’t already have an ID, you can create one during submission. You can register for one directly from your user account on ScholarOne or via If you already have an ID, please use this when submitting by linking it to your ScholarOne user account: log in to your account using your normal username and password, edit your account by clicking on your name at the top right of the screen, and from the dropdown menu select E-Mail/Name, and follow the instructions at the top of the screen to update your account.

Conservation evidence Check the existing evidence for your intervention at Conservation Evidence. If relevant evidence is available provide at least a sentence summarizing this in the Introduction (e.g. Four out of five previous studies found that increasing temperatures to 30–37°C for at least 16 h cured amphibians of chytridiomycosis (Smith et al. 2017)). If Conservation Evidence indicates there is as yet no evidence for the action, please state this. If Conservation Evidence has not yet summarized the evidence for the management action, please search for  studies testing the action, and summarize any relevant evidence for similar actions. If Conservation Evidence does not yet cover the topic and no individual studies exist please state this.

Preparation of manuscripts Use the appropriate template to prepare your manuscript (Article, Short Communication, Review, Forum Article, Forum Article Response). Consult a recent issue of Oryx for general style. Contributions should be in English, with British English spelling and terminology, double-spaced, without footnotes, and with line numbers. Submissions should preferably be in a single file (except for Supplementary Material, which should be in a separate file), with all Tables, Figures, Plates and Appendices at the end, in DOC/DOCX format (not PDF). For initial submission, graphics can be in low to medium resolution as long as they are clearly legible, with publication-quality graphics to be provided upon any final acceptance. Cover page should contain title, word count (all inclusive except for Tables), and full mailing address, e-mail, and address at the time the research was carried out, if different, of the corresponding author and all additional authors. Pages to be numbered, and order of sections to be: cover page, abstract, keywords, main text, author contributions, acknowledgements, conflicts of interest, ethical standards, references, tables, figures, plates, appendices (the latter four items can be in separate files if they are large). Short Communications must not have any subheadings.

Title A succinct description of the work (≤20 words) preferably embodying either the aim or the overall conclusion.

Abstract In <250 words, the aims, methods, major findings and conclusions; should be informative without reference to the text and should not contain any references or undefined abbreviations.

Keywords Up to eight pertinent words or phrases, in alphabetical order (these can repeat words in the title and should be optimized for online search engines).

Structure Articles should generally follow the Introduction, Study Area (where appropriate), Methods, Results and Discussion format. Minimize use of other subheadings.

Author contributions Include a brief statement that specifies the contributions of each author (specified by their initials).

Acknowledgements Include a brief statement that thanks, in non-effusive terms, those who have provided assistance (following peer review this should normally include acknowledgement of reviewers), and details of all sources of financial support, for all authors, with grant numbers if relevant. If there was no specific funding, provide the following statement: 'This research received no specific grant from any funding agency, or commercial or not-for-profit sectors'.

Conflicts of interest Provide details of all known financial, professional or personal relationships with the potential to bias the work. Where no known conflicts of interest exist, state 'None'.

Ethical standards All research submitted to Oryx must comply with the journal's Code of Conduct for authors contributing articles. Please include a statement to this effect and, if the research involved human subjects, experimentation with animals and/or collection of specimens, provide details of the ethical clearance(s) received.

References Cited in the text as, for example, Hardcastle & Wilson (1996) or (Leadbeater, 1996); for three or more authors use the first author's surname followed by et al.; multiple citations to be in chronological, rather than alphabetical, order; e.g. (Martin et al., 1994; Leadbeater, 1996). Reference list should be in alphabetical and then chronological order, and article titles and the titles of serial publications to be given in full. For publications that have more than seven authors, present only the first six names followed by et al. (see example below for Büscher et al.). If citations and bibliography are prepared using a bibliography manager any field codes, tags or similar must be removed. The following are examples of Oryx style:

Beck, B.B., Rapaport, L.G. & Stanley Price, M.R. (1994) Reintroduction of captive-born animals. In Creative Conservation: Interactive Management of Wild and Captive Animals (eds P.J.S. Olney, G.M. Mace & A.T.C. Feistner), pp. 265–286. Chapman & Hall, London, UK.

Bowler, M. (1991) Implications of large predator management on commercial ranchland in Zimbabwe. MSc thesis. University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Brady, L.D., Huston, K., Jenkins, R.K.B., Kauffmann, J.L.D., Rabearivony, J., Raveloson, G. & Rowcliffe, M. (1996) UEA Madagascar Expedition '93. Unpublished Report. University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK.

Büscher, B., Fletcher, R., Brockington, D., Sandbrook, C., Adams, W.M., Campbell, L., et al. (2017) Half-Earth or Whole Earth? Radical ideas for conservation, and their implications. Oryx, 51, 407–410.

Farjon, A. (2013) Juniperus excelsa. In The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013. Http:// [accessed 26 April 2017].

IUCN (2016) The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018-1. Http:// [accessed 19 September 2018].

LeBoeuf, B.J., Kenyon, K.W. & Villa-Ramirez, B. (1986) The Caribbean monk seal is extinct. Marine Mammal Science, 2, 70–72.

MacArthur, R.H. & Wilson, E.O. (1967) The Theory of Island Biogeography. Princeton University Press, Princeton, USA.

Soliku, O. & Schraml, U. (2018) From conflict to collaboration: the contribution of co-management in mitigating conflicts in Mole National Park, Ghana. Oryx, published online 10 Sepember 2018.

Sutherland, W.J. (ed.) (1998) Conservation Science and Action. Blackwell Science, Oxford, UK.

Tables Each on a separate page, with captions that are comprehensible without reference to the text.

Figures & Plates Guidelines for the preparation of Figures and Plates are provided below. Captions should be comprehensible without reference to the text.

Appendices/Supplementary material Online platforms give authors the opportunity to include data that it would be impractical to include in the printed article. Such data may substantially enhance the importance of the research and be of benefit to readers. Authors may include tables, figures, videos and audio files. All supplementary material must be submitted with the original manuscript, as a separate file or files, cited in the text as Supplementary Table 1, Supplementary Fig. 1 or Supplementary Material 1, as appropriate. Supplementary files will be peer reviewed but not copy-edited or typeset, and will be published as supplied. Where authors wish to deposit data in a third-party archive (mandatory for files of 25 MB and over) instead of publishing as supplementary material in the journal, any necessary supplementary material files should be uploaded to the third-party archive and the DOI that the archive assigns to their supplemental files should be cited in the text. If you wish to provide a link to supplementary data and/or code on GitHub you will need to provide a DOI for this material; e.g. see Making Your Code Citable. Any DOI must be supplied prior to online publication of the relevant article.

Media PDFs If you are submitting a manuscript that includes video or audio this will be simultaneously published online in two formats: (1) as regular PDF / HTML versions (with the video/audio available as supplementary material and represented as a still image in the article), and (2) as a Media PDF, which will allow the reader to view the video/audio within the PDF. When submitting your manuscript please include a  high resolution still that best represents the content of the video. The still will be used for the version of the article that appears in print and for the regular (i.e. non-Media) PDF file. The accompanying caption should be of the form:  ‘Plate 1 (from Supplementary Video 1) <Caption for still>’. Directions for inserting the video, and an alternative caption, should also be provided immediately following; e.g. ‘<Video 001.mpg to replace Plate 1>’ ‘<Video 1 <Caption for video>’. This version will be used for the Media PDF file. For audio the direction should be added immediately after the word or figure that will contain the clickable link to the audio. The video/audio file should be uploaded at submission using the video/audio file designation option on ScholarOne, and should have the same naming convention as the corresponding Plate. This file will then be inserted into the placeholder (in place of the still) for the Media PDF version.

Abbreviations and acronyms other than those commonly recognized (e.g. SI units, CITES, IUCN, WWF) put an unnecessary burden on the reader. Resist the temptation to use them and, rather, use a style of writing that removes the necessity to write out terms or organizational names in full at every usage.

Symbols, units & currencies Use SI units (International System of Units) and ISO 4217 currency codes.

Nomenclature Where necessary, provide the basis used for nomenclature of taxa. The first time a species is mentioned its scientific name should follow without intervening punctuation, thus African elephant Loxodonta africana. English names should be in lower case throughout except when they incorporate a proper name.

Offprints, page charges & colour figures Contributors receive a PDF file of their article, and may purchase hard copy offprints. No page charges are levied. Colour Figures can be published in print but only at the author’s expense (no charge is levied for colour Figures in the online PDF).

Copyright Authors will be asked, upon acceptance of an article, to transfer copyright to Fauna & Flora International.

Review Manuscripts are subject to rigorous peer review. Contributors may suggest appropriate reviewers. For manuscripts with a substantial statistical content, one of the reviewers will be a statistician. The main criteria for acceptance are originality, scientific rigour, an appropriately broad context, relevance to the readership and acceptability of style. We receive more submissions than we are able to publish and the final authority in all matters relating to publication lies with the Editor.

Proofs Sent to authors as a PDF file. Corrected proofs must be returned to the Editor within 3 days of receipt; minor corrections can be communicated by e-mail.

The Editor welcomes contributions to the Letters, Briefly, Conservation news, Grants & Opportunities and Publications sections of the journal—see How to submit other material.

Additional author support Cambridge University Press provides a number of additional resources to support authors in the preparation, publication, and promotion of their work. See Services for authors for further details.

Oryx is covered by Biological Abstracts, BIOBASE/Current Awareness in Biological Sciences, Current Contents Agriculture, Biology and Environmental Science, Science Citation Index, SciSearch, Research Alert and Ecology Abstracts.

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Open Access option

The Cambridge Open Option allows authors to make their articles freely available to everyone, immediately on publication, in exchange for a one-off charge paid either by the authors themselves or by their associated funding body. Payment of this one-off fee entitles permanent archiving both by Cambridge University Press and by the author, and also enables anyone else to view, search and download an article for personal and non-commercial use. The only condition for this is that the author and original source are properly acknowledged.

The Cambridge Open Option is only offered to authors upon acceptance of an article for publication and as such has no influence on the peer review or acceptance procedure. The paper will continue to be made available in both print and online versions, but will be made freely available to anyone with Internet links via our online platform, Cambridge Core. In addition, such papers will have copyright assigned under a Creative Commons Attribution licence, which enables sharing and adaptation, providing attribution is given.  Articles will also be included in the relevant Abstracting & Indexing services and in CrossRef, and can have supplementary content (text, video or audio) added to their online versions. Cambridge will also deposit the article in any relevant repositories on the author’s behalf, where that is a condition of the funding body.

The Cambridge Open Option is now available to authors of articles in Oryx—The International Journal of Conservation at the standard Cambridge rate of GBP 1,780 / USD 2,835 per article. Requests to take up the Cambridge Open Option will be subject to approval by the Editor. For more information on Open Access and Cambridge Journals, please follow this link.

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Guidelines for preparation of figures and plates

For detailed guidance on designing maps and data plots, advice on the wise use of graphics formats, and screencast demonstrations to help with drafting beautiful figures, please see the journal's Graphics for Conservation manual.

For initial submission, figures and plates do not need to be of publication quality but they must be legible and clear. The graphics formats accepted at this stage are Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPG), Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) and Encapsulated Postscript (EPS).

Publication quality figures and plates (see below) will be requested when the accepted article text is sent to the corresponding author for a final check following copyediting (i.e. prior to proofing). At this stage instructions will be provided, if necessary, for modification of the figures and plates to ensure they convey their message or purpose clearly and comply with the journal's style.

We accept final publication quality graphics only as EPS, SVG or TIF files, and not in JPG format (except, in some circumstances, for plates, for which see below). Line artwork is best prepared in vector-based drawing software (e.g. Inkscape). Export vector maps and data plots in EPS or SVG format. When exporting, embed fonts if possible (or convert to outlines), do not use lines of hairline width but rather use a minimum width of 0.3 points (0.1 mm), and do not downsample the quality of any embedded images. Submit plates as TIFF files unless the original image is only available in JPG format, in which case submit plates in this format.

Design figures and plates for one of the journal's three widths: 82, 115 and 171 mm. Design for the narrower widths wherever possible. TIFF graphics designed for widths of 82, 115 and 171 mm must be submitted at a minimum width of 2,000, 2,800 and 4,000 pixels, respectively (for further details see Graphics for Conservation). Note that for all TIFF files, whether figures or plates, the resolution is irrelevant—it is the dimension in pixels that is important.

Before submitting figures, print them at the designed width to check legibility of fonts, sharpness of lines and clarity of shading. If in doubt about the quality or format of a figure or plate send a test file to the Editorial Office. See Analysis & Writing Tools for advice on graphics software.

In general any manuscript that desribes a study site or specific location will require a map figure. Such figures must: (1) be surrounded by a thin-line box, (2) be geographically referenced with inward-pointing latitude and longitude tic marks and/or with a small inset map indicating the location of the main figure, (3) have a scale bar in km, and (4) have all lines such as country boundaries, roads and rivers, wherever appropriate, extending to the bounding box. Use line thicknesses of 0.3–1.0 points (0.1–0.35 mm) and font sizes of 6–12 points (2–4 mm). All fonts used in figures and plates should be sans serif (such as Arial) rather than serif (such as Times Roman). If shading is required in a greyscale figure, use only a limited range of grey shades, generally not more than four. For detailed advice on the preparation of graphics, see Graphics for Consevation. Any disputed international borders should be shown with a dashed or dotted line. Shapefiles for most disputed borders are available from Natural Earth.

In general, plates will only be included in an article if they form evidence that is integral to the subject studied (e.g. a camera-trap photograph of a rare species) and if they are of good quality.

We welcome colour figures and plates but they can be printed only at the author’s expense; contact the Editorial Office if you require a costing. Figures and plates can, however, be published in colour online and greyscale in print at no cost to the author; in such cases authors need to ensure that any colour figure or plate will also reproduce well in greyscale.

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Code of conduct for authors contributing articles

We believe it is important that conservation research conforms to the highest possible ethical and legal standards, and the journal therefore has a code of conduct for researchers contributing articles. When you submit an article for consideration by Oryx you will be required to assent that all authors have abided by this code of conduct. The Code covers important aspects of both research and the preparation of articles for publication.

1. All research must have the necessary approvals and permits from appropriate institutions and statutory authorities in both the host country and the researchers’ country of origin (if different).

2. Any intellectual property rights on data and results obtained from the research must be managed within the legal requirements of the host country and be shared fairly among the participants, especially those from the host country. Such arrangements should be formalized prior to initiating the research through prior informed consent by the host country and institutes. Research should not infringe local rights in intellectual property. If research is carried out in a host country that has few legal requirements for such work, researchers should follow the standards of their country of origin.

3. Oryx recognizes the importance of capacity building as a component of conservation activity, as well as the importance of full involvement by all stakeholders in research activity. Therefore we recommend that:

4. Any research undertaken in a foreign country should, wherever possible, be based on active collaboration with appropriately qualified and experienced individuals from the host country. One objective of the research should be, where necessary, to enhance the capacity of scientific and technical staff in the host country.

  • Copies of any reports and publications resulting from the research shall routinely be provided to all relevant institutions in the country where the research is being undertaken.
  • Wherever appropriate, researchers from the host country should be included as co-authors of all relevant publications.
  • Where appropriate, the results of research should be reported back to relevant local and national organizations.
  • Where research involves fieldwork in areas occupied by people, or affects species or ecosystems within which people have de facto or de jure tenure rights or cultural connections, it should be carried out in a way that respects local beliefs, economic and cultural interests, and rights.
  • Where relevant, research should involve the participation of local partners, and should have regard for the enhancement of local capacity to understand and manage ecosystems and populations.

5. Field researchers should adopt the highest precautionary standards to avoid the accidental introduction and distribution of invasive and pathogenic organisms.

6. Researchers are encouraged to adopt existing IUCN/Species Survival Commission guidelines (e.g. on reintroductions and invasive organisms) as a framework for professional procedure, and are encouraged to design their studies and research to match the research and management needs stated in Species Survival Commission Action Plans and National Biodiversity Action Plans.

7. Research on species should wherever possible be non-intrusive, but it is recognized that responsible collection of data by intrusive means may be necessary in some cases. Moreover, useful research can be conducted using specimens taken or killed by others (for example, as part of wildlife management operations). The following guidelines for the treatment of individual specimens should be followed.

(a) In cases where specimens are collected and/or killed by the researcher:

  • data collection involving the killing of an organism should only take place when such collection is essential to the scientific integrity of the research being undertaken;
  • the number of specimens collected should be the absolute minimum required for research integrity;
  • the specimens collected should not be of species that appear on national or international lists of threatened species unless they are necessary for the purposes of research aimed at enhancing their conservation. In such cases, the researchers must have the appropriate permits from the relevant statutory authority.

(b) In cases where information is collected from specimens that have been killed by others: if data collection makes use of existing game control, hunting or harvesting operations, it should take place in such a way that no additional mortality occurs as a result of the research, either directly or indirectly (e.g. through increased demand).

8. Animal capture and handling techniques should conform to the highest standards of animal welfare. If animals are to be killed they must be killed humanely. Researchers should confirm that they have followed a code of conduct from a reputable source, such as that developed by the Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour and the Animal Behaviour Society—see Dawkins & Gosling (1992) Ethics in Research on Animal Behaviour, Academic Press, London, UK, Animal Behaviour (2001) 61, 271-275, or Ethical Treatment of Animals in Applied Animal Behaviour Research.

This code of conduct was developed by Professor Bill Adams (University of Cambridge), Professor Andrew Balmford (University of Cambridge), Professor Jeffrey A. McNeely (formerly IUCN), Dr Mike Maunder (Eden Project), Professor E.J. Milner-Gulland (University of Oxford), Professor Paul Racey (formerly University of Aberdeen) and Dr John G. Robinson (Wildlife Conservation Society).

As published in Oryx 35(2), 99-100, with minor modifications.

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How to submit other material

Oryx is well known for its coverage of international conservation news and related matters. We welcome contributions to these sections of the journal, all of which you can read in the latest free January issue. Send all prospective Briefly news and details of Grants & Opportunities to the Editorial Office. To submit Letter, Letter Reply and Conservation News manuscripts see How to submit a manuscript. Deadlines for material for the Briefly, Conservation News and Grants & Opportunities sections are 1 October, 1 January, 1 April and 1 July for the January, April, July and October issues, respectively.

Letters We welcome substantial (<700 words) and informative contributions in response to articles published in the journal. Letters should be submitted online at Oryx on ScholarOne Manuscripts. Original authors will usually be given the right to reply to any responses. Use the Letter or Letter Reply template, as appropriate, to prepare you submission.

Briefly News items (<6 months old) need to be <150 words in length, and should summarize recent conservation developments that have been published by authoritative sources, including websites.

Conservation News For major recent developments (<6 months old) in conservation or important announcements that have not been published elsewhere (in <700 words). Particularly suitable for news that needs to be brought urgently to the attention of the international conservation community. Any references should be embedded in the text, and there should be no Figures, Tables or footnotes. Authors will be required to complete a copyright form once their article has been prepared for publication. Articles deemed suitable will be published in the next available issue, space permitting. Conservation News manuscripts should be prepared using the Conservation News template, and submitted online at Oryx on ScholarOne Manuscripts.

Grants & Opportunities We welcome short descriptions (<350 words) of grants and funding opportunities for conservationists.

Publications Authors and publishers are invited to send publications to the Editor for potential review, although we cannot guarantee that any books received will be reviewed. Please send publications to the Editorial Office. Please note that books received for review will not be returned. Book reviews are by invitation, and the journal does not accept unsolicited reviews.


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